Basic - Days of the Week
In this section, you will learn how to say the days of the week in Russian.
Like in most countries, the work week lasts from Monday to Friday. Days of the week are not capitalized in Russian, unless they occur in the beginning of a sentence.
Monday - понедельник (puh-nee-DYEHL'-neek). The Russian prefix по- indicates something incremental, and a неделя is a "week". So it's easy to recognize that on понедельник we increment the week, ie, start a new one.
Tuesday - вторник (FTOHR-neek). The word второй means "second", so вторник is the second day of the week.
Wednesday - среда (sree-DAH). The word среда literally means middle. Russians also recognize it as the "middle" of the week.
Thursday - четверг (cheet-VYEHRK). The word четвертый means "fourth", so четверг is obviously the fourth day of the week.
Friday - пятница (PYAHT-nee-tsuh). The number five is пять, so пятница is "day number five".
Saturday - суббота (soo-BOH-tuh). The name суббота, just like the Italian word sabato, finds its roots all the way back at the Hebrew word shabbat, meaning "sabbath" or "seventh" day.
Sunday - воскресенье (vuhs-kree-SYEHN'-yeh). The prefix вос- indicates motion upwards, and крест is "cross", but воскресать does not meant "to crucify", but it actually means "to rise from the dead", so воскресение means "the resurrection".
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