Basic - Months of The Year - Japanese
This section will teach you how to say the months of the year in Japanese.
The Japanese words for the months are created simply by combining the number of the month with the word "gatsu" meaning month. This makes learning the months very easy, as all you have to do is remember the order of the months. Also, every month has a traditional name, still used by some in fields such as poetry.
Often, you will see the months written, for example, as ３月 instead of 三月, as Arabic numbers have become very prevalent in Japan.
January – いちがつ (ichigatsu) or (月). January or "Month of Affection" is the first month of the modern Japanese calendar. Coming of Age Day is a Japanese holiday held annually on the second Monday of January. It is held in order to congratulate and encourage all those who have reached the age of majority (20 years old) over the past year.
February - にがつ (nigatsu) or (二月). February is traditionally named as a "Changing Clothes"). At February 11th, the Japanese people celebrate the founding of the nation.
March - さんがつ (sangatsu) or (三月). According to Japanese tradition March is named the month of "New Life". March, 5th is a special day - Awakening of hibernated (insects).
April – しがつ (shigatsu) or (四月). Uzuki is synonym for the month April. Shōwa Day is a Japanese annual holiday held on April 29th . It honors the birthday of the Shōwa Emperor, the reigning emperor.
May - ごがつ (gogatsu) or (五月). This month is traditionally called "Early-rice-planting Month"). Children's Day is a Japanese national holiday which takes place annually on May 5th. It is a day set aside to respect children's personalities and to celebrate their happiness.
June - ろくがつ (rokugatsu) or (六月). June is named "month of water", and this is in reference to the flooding of the rice fields, which require large quantities of water.
July – しちがつ (shichigatsu) or (七月). July or Fumizuki is traditionally named the "Month of Books"). Marine Day, also known as "Ocean Day", is a Japanese national holiday celebrated on the third Monday in July. The purpose of the holiday is to give thanks to the ocean's bounty and to consider the importance of the ocean to Japan as an island nation.
August – はちがつ (hachigatsu) or (八月). August or Hazuki is the "Month of Leaves". In old Japanese, this month was called the "Month of Falling Leaves".
September – くがつ (kugatsu) or (九月). "The Long Month" is for Japanese a synonym for the month September. Respect for the Aged Day held at September 15th , is a Japanese holiday celebrated annually to honor elderly citizens.
October – じゅうがつ (juugatsu) or (十月). October is traditionally named the "Month of the Gods". At second Monday of October is the Health-Sports Day.
November – じゅういちがつ (juuichigatsu) or (十一月). Shimotsuki or November is named the "Month of Frost". Culture Day is a national holiday held annually in Japan on November 3th for the purpose of promoting culture, the arts, and academic endeavor.
December - じゅうにがつ (juunigatsu) or (十二月). December ot Shiwasu is the month of "Priests Running". This is in reference to priests being busy at the end of the year for New Year's preparations and blessings.
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