Basic - Days of the Week
In this section, you will learn how to say the days of the week in Japanese.
Japanese Days of the Week: the 'Seven Luminaries'
The Japanese days of the week seem quite different from anything in Western languages. The first character in the name of each day is a simple concept linked with an elemental force of nature such as fire, wood, water, etc.
Sunday - 日曜日 (nichiyōbi) - Meaning: 'Sun day'. Sunday has been regarded as a "full-time holiday". It is a family day, where activities are done with the whole family. They spend time together, eating, walking or just relaxing.
Monday - 月曜日 (getsuyōbi) - Meaning: 'Moon day'. Monday is the first working and school day. 2nd Monday of January Japanese celebrate Coming of Age Day (成人の日). It is held in order to congratulate and encourage all those who have reached the age of majority (20 years old).
Tuesday - 火曜日 (kayōbi) - Meaning: 'Fire day'. The word Tuesday is associated with Mars (the planet), literally meaning "fire star".
Wednesday - 水曜日 (suiyōbi) - Meaning: 'Water day'. In Japanese it is associated with Mercury (the planet), literally meaning "water star".
Thursday - 木曜日 (mokuyōbi) - Meaning: 'Wood day'. Thursday representative element being wood or tree. It is probably associated with Jupiter (the planet), literally meaning "wood star".
Friday - 金曜日 (kin'yōbi) - Meaning: 'Gold day'. Japanese do not like Casual Friday. In the West, dressing down is a sign of individuality. In Japan, dressing down is a signal that you don't respect your team. It's two different ways of looking at the same thing.
Saturday - 土曜日 (doyōbi) - Meaning: 'Earth day'. Many Japanese retailers do not close on Saturdays or Sundays, because many office workers and their families are expected to visit the shops during the weekend.
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