Japan is an island nation in East Asia, an archipelago of 6,852 islands. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". It has the world's tenth-largest population, with more than 126 million people.

Japanese ( Nihongo) is the language spoken primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

Japanese is believed to be linked to the Altaic language family, which includes Turkish, Mongolian and other languages, but also shows similarities to Austronesian languages like Polynesian.

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