Italy is a country in Southern Europe. The country has a number of islands, the biggest of which are Sicily and Sardinia. The population of Italy is a little over 60 million.
Italy's capital and largest city, Rome, has for centuries been the leading political and religious centre of Western civilization, serving as the capital of both the Roman Empire and Christianity.
Italy's official language is Italian a descendant of the Tuscan dialect and a direct descendant of Latin, but several regional languages are also spoken to varying degrees. Ethnologue has estimated that there are about 55 million speakers of the language in Italy and a further 6.7 million outside of the country. However, between 120 and 150 million people use Italian as a second or cultural language, worldwide.